Unconditional Cash Transfer - Reduced Relative Odds of Sexual Debut among People Ages 15-25 by 31%
An unconditional transfer of US$20 per month directly to the main caregiver in the household
The programme reduces the relative odds of sexual debut among young people ages 15-25 by 31%, with larger impacts among females (42%) relative to males (26%). In relation to the mean, this implies a 23% reduction in the likelihood of sexual debut among the full sample, and 35% and 18% for females and males, respectively.
Country of study
Journal paper title and link
The Government of Kenya's Cash Transfer Program Reduces the Risk of Sexual Debut among Young People Age 15-25
Excerpt from Abstract
"The aim of this study is to assess whether the Government of Kenya's Cash Transfer for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (Kenya CT-OVC) can reduce the risk of HIV among young people by postponing sexual debut....[R]esults...show that the program reduced the odds of sexual debut by 31 percent. There were no statistically significant effects on secondary outcomes of behavioral risk such as condom use, number of partners and transactional sex. Since the CT-OVC provides cash to the caregiver and not to the child, and there are no explicit conditions associated with receipt, these impacts are indirect, and may have been achieved by keeping young people in school. Our results suggest that large-scale national social cash transfer programs with poverty alleviation objectives may have potential positive spillover benefits in terms of reducing HIV risk among young people in Eastern and Southern Africa."