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The impact of improving nutrition during early childhood on education among Guatemalan adults


Maluccio, J. A., J. Hoddinott, et al. (2009). "The impact of improving nutrition during early childhood on education among Guatemalan adults." Economic Journal 119(537): 734-763.

METHODS: Using a longitudinal survey from rural Guatemala, we examine the effect of an early childhood nutritional intervention on adult educational outcomes. An intent-to-treat model yields substantial effects of an experimental intervention that provided highly nutritious food supplements to children, a quarter century after it ended: increases of 1.2 grades completed for women and one quarter SD on standardised reading comprehension and non-verbal cognitive ability tests for both women and men. Two-stage least squares results that endogenise the actual supplement intakes corroborate these magnitudes. Improving the nutrient intakes of very young children can have substantial, long-term, educational consequences.

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  • Published since 2010.