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The Imo State (Nigeria) Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Project, 1. Description of the project, evaluation methods, and impact on intervening variables.


Blum, D., R. N. Emeh, et al. (1990). "The Imo State (Nigeria) Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Project, 1. Description of the project, evaluation methods, and impact on intervening variables." Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 84(2): 309-315.

Abstract: A health impact evaluation was conducted in conjunction with the Imo State Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Project in Nigeria. The project consisted of a package of water supply, sanitation, and health and hygiene education given by village-based workers. The evaluation was a quasi-experimental study covering pre-, peri- and post-intervention periods. Data were collected from 3 intervention and 2 control villages. Baseline surveys indicated that the intervention and control areas were similar with respect to most socio-demographic variables. Use of the improved water supply was high, although this was influenced by borehole-to-population ratios and household-to-borehole distances. Water collection time was consequently greatly reduced. Data from a small sample of households showed that borehole water became heavily contaminated during collection and storage, and that there was no significant change in consumption of water per person. Adults in 46% of household units in the intervention area were using ventilated improved pit latrines by the end of the study period. Use by young children (2-5 years old), however, was low. Limitations in the success of the health education component of the project were found. Although changes were found in knowledge, attitudes and practices related to water and sanitation, and in management of childhood diarrhoea, this occurred in both the intervention and control areas.

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